Applications give customers the user experiences they want, like shopping online or accessing healthcare records. While developers focus on the security of the application, users bear the burden of securing their access to the application. Unfortunately, cybercriminals recognize that user access can be a weak link in an application’s security posture. Increasingly, malicious actors target application access as a way to steal PIII or credit card data.
Attacks targeting access and credentials impact a company’s security posture and lead to costly fraud. According to the Verizon 2021 Data Breach Investigations Report, phishing and the use of stolen credentials were the top two attack action varieties leading to data breaches. Further, the Federal Trade Commission received 2.8 million consumer fraud reports in 2021 that totaled more than $5.8 billion in losses.
In response, many companies use Magic Links as a passwordless authentication method. While Magic Link authentication can help mitigate risk, it still comes with some security weaknesses that organizations need to consider before implementation.
A Magic Link involves a three-step process like the one people follow to request a one-time-password (OTP) when they forget their password.
The process looks like this:
The Magic Link gives the app developers a way to build multi-factor authentication into the process. The user has their email password to access the link (something they know), and the device used to access the email is something they have.
Most customer-facing applications rely only on a login ID and password. Often, businesses can’t enforce multi-factor authentication, creating security and fraud risks. Magic Links help overcome many of these security and customer issues.
As a passwordless authentication method, Magic Links reduce the risks associated with poor customer password hygiene. Meanwhile, customers don’t have to worry about creating another unique password that they need to remember.
The customer onboarding experience is seamless. They register the same by providing an email. The only difference is that they need to check their email instead of creating a password. The app developer sets the Magic Link’s authentication controls for a single session or multiple sessions.
Magic links can be easily deployed using an API or Auth0. Developers can set the authentication parameters and customize the link’s expiration time. With a few lines of code, developers can rapidly set up more robust security features without increasing the time to market.
Since there’s no password involved, users won’t need to reset a forgotten password, reducing IT help desk burdens. Additionally, Magic Links reduce failed login attempt alerts, ultimately reducing noise.
The one-click login streamlines the customer experience, leading to more conversions and better customer retention.
Although Magic Links enhance security, they’re not a perfect solution. Companies that use a Magic Link for authentication still need to consider several weaknesses.
In 2021, the FBI received 19,954 business email compromise complaints. If a consumer’s email has been compromised or spoofed, the Magic Link is also compromised.
Although developers can customize the link’s expiration time, they have no best practices to follow because no official standards for Magic Links exist. Balancing user needs with security can lead to inconsistent practices, creating security and compliance risks.
Sometimes, the email containing the Magic Link will be marked as spam by the email provider. If the user doesn’t check their spam folder, then they might request an additional link, creating multiple tokens. Not only does this frustrate the customer, but it creates an additional security issue if the email has been compromised.
Part of the security model built into Magic Links is that the user controls the device, giving the app developer the ability to enforce a “something you have” authentication step. If the user loses the device without having the appropriate password or biometric login controls on it, then the Magic Link capability is compromised because someone has access to the app, device, and email.
Magic Links mitigate risks associated with poor password hygiene, like reused or weak passwords. Many organizations continue to use them as a way to enhance security even without official best practices. For organizations that continue to use Magic Links, setting link expiry for 15 minutes can help.
However, Magic Links remain a relatively weak form of passwordless authentication since malicious actors can still engage in brute force attacks or use email account takeovers to circumvent these measures.
Organizations need more robust passwordless authentication methods that incorporate biometric authentication through the user’s device. Transmit Security passwordless authentication creates a single customer identity and incorporates a device’s biometric capabilities, like fingerprint or face ID. By using the device’s biometric scanner, any issues associated with email compromise and loss of the device are resolved.
By using a combination of open standards and device biometrics, organizations can create easy, secure, and portable customer authentication while retaining the benefits associated with Magic Links.
Magic Links are a passwordless authentication method delivered to users via email. After they input their email address, the service sends them a link granting access that expires if not used within a specified time. This security method for the login process is a type of multi-factor authentication.
Magic Links provide a passwordless authentication method where a service sends a user an email with a link to authenticate the person to log into their account. It acts as a multi-factor authentication security method to protect user identity, credentials, and data access.
As a passwordless authentication method used for security, the Magic Link token sent to a user’s email address should only allow access for a short time period, usually an hour. Organizations set the time period. Similar to a one-time-password, the Magic Link’s access should be deactivated when the period expires.
Magic Links are a useful passwordless authentication security method for applications where you are unable to verify the user’s identity beyond their email address and password.
Developers can implement Magic Link passwordless authentication by creating a process that sends a secret, single-use link instead of requiring a password. The link sets a cookie that sets time-bound access for a single session or multiple sessions.
As a passwordless security method, Magic Link authentication is when a user enters their email address as an application login then receives a link via email that completes the process. It is a security method enabling multi-factor authentication that mitigates fraud risks.